Gemunder Center for Defense and Strategy

The U.S.-Israel Security Policy Project examines the various ways to strengthen the U.S.-Israel security relationship amid dramatic regional changes to meet growing dangers and capitalize on new opportunities.

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JINSA’s Abraham Accords Policy Project examines the historic implications of Israeli-Arab normalization for U.S. and Middle East security and provides policy recommendations for American decision-makers to expand and deepen these agreements, particularly in terms of enhanced regional defense cooperation.

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The Gemunder Center’s revamped Iran Policy Project brings together former senior military officers, high-ranking government officials, energy experts and business leaders to address the pressing challenges to U.S. national security posed by Iran and the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on Iran’s nuclear program.

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The Eastern Mediterranean Policy Project was established by JINSA to examine evolving threats and opportunities, and to provide recommendations, for U.S. policy toward the region, including Turkey’s increasingly aggressive posture, the return of great power competition and significant energy discoveries.

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The strategy that Hamas employed in the 2014 Gaza War represents the new face of war that threatens to undermine the effectiveness of conventional militaries, endangers civilians in irregular conflicts, and distorts the international legal structure.The Gaza Assessment Policy Project closely studies the evolution of this strategy and Israel’s response, based on primary source research and discussions with senior Israeli, Palestinian, and United Nations (U.N.) officials.

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The Hybrid Warfare Policy Project was established by the Jewish Institute for National Security of America’s (JINSA) Gemunder Center for Defense and Strategy to define the requirements of the law of armed conflict (LOAC) and to evaluate the performance of the U.S., Israeli, and other allied militaries in compliance with – and sometimes, beyond – the dictates of that law. The Policy Project also seeks to focus attention on the conduct of hybrid adversaries such as Hezbollah, Hamas, and Islamic State, which often intentionally exploit that same body of law to stymie U.S., Israeli,and allied forces in battle and to discredit their self-defense operations in the forum of public opinion.

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JINSA’s Jordan Valley Policy Project examines the strategic importance of Israeli sovereignty in the Jordan Valley for Israel’s self-defense, U.S. national security interests and stability in the Middle East.

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JINSA’s Israel-China Policy Project examines ways that the United States and Israel can cooperate to address the growing geopolitical and economic challenges from China.

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JINSA’s Gemunder Center EMP Policy Project convenes former high-ranking government and military officials, directors of national laboratories, nuclear engineers and other experts to raise awareness and develop actionable recommendations to enhance U.S. strategic deterrence, critical infrastructure and societal resiliency against the spectrum of electromagnetic threats.

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Featured Content

Iran Summary – October 2022
Published on November 2, 2022
Watch Webinar: The Cartel Strikes Back – OPEC’s Production Cut
Published on October 7, 2022
Iran Summary – September 2022
Published on October 7, 2022
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National Security Briefs

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 11/14

Visit our Iran Status Page Author Andrew Ghalili - Senior Policy Analyst Negotiation Status: PAUSED (No Progress Made) Nuclear negotiations between the United States and Iran have been stagnant for several months as the Islamic Republic has been preoccupied with brutally repressing the Iranian citizens protesting for their freedom from the regime, and while the United States held its midterm elections. The last round of indirect talks between U.S. and Iranian officials at the negotiation headquarters in Vienna was held in August. With revolutionary protests continuing throughout Iran, U.S. elections were held on November 8, potentially creating room for the Biden administration to recommence indirect negotiation...

Keeping Russia Out of Alexandroupolis

The Greek government’s abrupt cancellation of U.S.-backed bids to privatize the strategic port of Alexandroupolis raises concerns about possible Russian interference, and threatens to undermine American, trans-Atlantic, and broader interests in expanding the port’s capacity. Given the high potential of Alexandroupolis to boost European energy security, NATO collective defense, and global food supplies in the wake of Moscow’s brutal invasion of Ukraine, Washington must get clarity from Athens about the decision while making clear its continued emphasis on ensuring the port receives the investments needed to grow its operations without falling into Russian hands. Click here to read the NatSec Brief. Author Jonathan Ruhe - Dir...

The Expanding Russia-Iran Arms Nexus

After deploying Iranian-made unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to devastating effect against Ukraine, Russia is now set to purchase Iranian short-range ballistic missiles—demonstrating growing ties between these two U.S. adversaries. Russia is currently the largest operator of Iranian UAVs anywhere, increasingly using them to target civilian positions away from the frontlines. However, Ukraine has reportedly shot down most of these drones. Ballistic missiles would be more dangerous than UAVs because they carry larger explosive payloads and are harder to defend against. Although Iranian missiles are unlikely to alter the balance of territorial control in Ukraine, they would further enable Russia to devastate Ukraine’s population and infras...

U.S. Overreaction to OPEC+ Production Cut

OPEC and its partners such as Russia, known as OPEC+, announced on October 5 that it will cut its total oil production quota by two million barrels per day. This decision, its impetus, and implications have been badly misunderstood in Washington. Rather than a drastic politically-motivated production cut that will send oil prices skyrocketing in order to aid Russia and spite the United States, the move will result in a modest actual production cut, based on economic considerations driven by OPEC+’s forecast of dwindling global oil demand. The United States should avoid overreacting to the OPEC+ decision and should reengage in discussions with Saudi officials on how to rebuild a more constructive partnership between Washington and Riyadh. ...

Israel Trades Future Gas for Drilling and Possible Security Today

Israel and Lebanon have agreed to a U.S.-mediated deal that demarcates the majority of their maritime border, granting Lebanon almost all of the territory it had originally laid claim to except for a critical, 5-kilometer-long security area near the coast. Lebanese President Michel Aoun, who leaves office on October 31, has approved the agreement. The Israeli government gave its initial approval and is set to have a final approval vote in the coming day, without submitting the deal to the Knesset for a vote. Israel’s security establishment has expressed unanimous support for the deal. The most important benefit of the deal for Israel is the ability to begin pumping natural gas as quickly as possible from the offshore Karish natural gas...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 10/14

Visit our Iran Status Page Author Andrew Ghalili - Senior Policy Analyst Negotiation Status: PAUSED Nuclear deal negotiations between Iran and the United States remain at a stalemate while the Islamic Republic attempts to violently suppress widespread anti-regime protests. In August and early September, the two countries were exchanging proposals through the European Union. The most recent exchange, however, occurred on September 1, when Iran sent demands that U.S. and EU officials claimed were “counterproductive.” Since then, the killing of a 22-year old Iranian woman, Mahsa Amini, in Tehran on September 16 sparked prolonged, nationwide protests, and provoked a brutal reaction from the regime.  On...

Iran’s Sanctioned Terror Airlines Still Fly Throughout Europe

In the past few weeks, Russia has used Iranian-made unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to attack Ukrainian forces and destroy U.S.-supplied military equipment. The three Iranian airlines that flew those UAVs to Russia—Mahan Air, Iran Air, and Qeshm Air—also operate commercial flights to European airports. By allowing these flights, even as NATO arms Ukraine to repel Russia’s illegal invasion, several alliance members, namely the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Spain, Italy, the Netherlands, Bulgaria, and Turkey, are enabling a revenue stream that facilitates the transport of Iranian drones to Russia. The United States should impose additional sanctions on these Iranian airlines as well as strongly push European and other countries to fo...

Unparalleled Iranian Attack on Kurds

On September 28, Iran launched its single largest bombardment in decades—using 93 ballistic missiles and drones—against Kurdish targets in neighboring Iraq, killing at least 13, including a U.S. citizen. This escalation comes amid increasingly widespread protests against the Iranian regime following its killing of Mahsa Amini, a Kurdish Iranian woman. Iran is falsely blaming—and attacking—Kurdish militants and outside forces, like, Saudi Arabia and Israel, to portray the protests as an ethnic struggle or external manipulation, rather than the grassroots, nation-wide anti-regime movement they have become. Tehran is also flaunting its capability to strike targets beyond its borders with impunity—perhaps in a warning to both protesto...

Civil Unrest Reaches “State of Explosion” in Iran

After nearly a week of escalating unrest in Iran, following the Iranian regime’s murder of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini on September 16 for “improper hijab,” President Biden uttered a brief, one-sentence remark at the United Nations yesterday in support of “the brave citizens and the brave women of Iran,” without mentioning Mahsa by name. The Biden Administration should be far more forceful in its support of Iranian women and the human rights of all Iranian people, particularly by removing obstacles to technology companies providing internet access beyond the regime’s control. This is the morally correct and wise policy, that will only enhance U.S. leverage with Iran. Meanwhile, the unrest, coming amid reports of Supreme Leader Ali K...

Russia Begins Using Iranian Drones Against Ukraine

Iran is supplying Russia with unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Despite some early difficulties, Russia is now using the Iranian platforms for effective short-range air-to-ground attacks against frontline Ukrainian forces. This is in an effort to slow Ukraine’s counter-offensive while evading Ukrainian air defenses and without committing additional Russian forces. U.S. sanctions limiting Russia’s ability to buy Western components, particularly electronics, Iran’s readily available UAV arsenal despite extensive U.S. sanctions, and the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action’s (JCPOA) elimination of the conventional arms embargo on Iran in 2020, have contributed to bringing these two pariah states and aggressors into closer cooperation. ...

Infographic: Iranian UAVs Transferred to Russia

Risks and Rewards of a Potential Israel-Lebanon Maritime Border Agreement

Israel and Lebanon are reportedly nearing a resolution to their disputed maritime border, which could enable each country to explore and exploit more fully offshore natural gas reserves. Yet, Hezbollah has threatened to disrupt these efforts. Concrete U.S. leadership is required, both to realize the regional benefits of the peaceful development of Eastern Mediterranean energy resources and to support Israel’s capability to deter and defend itself against aggression by Hezbollah and its Iranian backers. Click here to read the NatSec Brief. Author Ari Cicurel - Senior Policy Analyst This brief was made possible by the generous support of the Gettler Family Foundation and a portion of the research was conducted on...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 9/12

Visit our Iran Status Page Negotiation Status: PAUSED American and European officials now believe that a nuclear agreement between the United States and Iran is unlikely to be reached “in the near future.” Iran continues to insist that the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) close its investigation into suspected undeclared, and illegal, Iranian efforts to build a nuclear weapon – a probe which is wholly separate from Iran’s obligations under a renewed nuclear deal. Though Iran had consistently said it wouldn’t enter an agreement until the probe was ended, it had not previously demanded that such assurances be included in the text of the agreement. E3: Not Convinced Iran Wants a Deal France, Ger...

Analysis: Iran Still Wants More

Visit our Iran Status Page In the 3rd exchange of indirect proposals between Iran and the United States since the EU sent what it called the “final” text to Iran, Tehran has sent another response, which U.S. negotiators are now studying. Despite Iran’s disappointing response and repeated claims that time is running out for negotiations, the Biden administration indicated it wants to keep talking. Click here to read the NatSec Brief. Click here to view infographic: “Final” Iran Deal Still Open for Debate Author Andrew Ghalili - Senior Policy Analyst

Iran Tries to Steal U.S. Maritime Drone

Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) made the brazen attempt to capture a U.S. unmanned surface vessel (USV) overnight on August 29. Another example of Iran’s increased regional aggression against U.S. targets, this marks the first time Iran targeted Task Force 59, the U.S. Fifth Fleet’s unmanned systems initiative. Though the IRGC vessel quickly released the American Saildrone Explorer once approached by a U.S. patrol ship and helicopter, this represents a pattern of Iranian aggression that will only exacerbate if the U.S. fails to respond with force and instead continues to negotiate a nuclear deal. The United States should quickly pivot toward a Plan B policy for Iran that includes consistent and forceful military action...

Iranian Leaks Reveal Biden Administration Efforts to Circumvent Congressional Review

Recent Iranian reports indicate the nuclear deal negotiated by the Biden administration would lift over 170 sanctions imposed on Iran by executive order prior to President Biden submitting the deal to Congress. This is technically permitted under the relatively permissive Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act (INARA) but goes beyond Obama administration concessions in 2015 and undermines the original intention of the law to provide congressional review on such an important subject. To retain its oversight prerogatives, Congress should rapidly codify the existing executive orders on Iran or broaden the scope of INARA to keep them under congressional review. Click here to read the NatSec Brief. Author Gabriel Noronha - Gemunder Center ...

U.S. Retaliation Against Iranian Proxies in Syria

On August 24, U.S. airstrikes targeted Iranian-backed groups in Syria that had attacked American troops there on August 15. Later that day, a second round of Iran-backed attacks injured three American service members and U.S. counterstrikes killed four Iranian-backed militants. American troops reportedly conducted a third round of strikes in Syria on August 25, marking the most extensive exchange of fire between U.S. and Iranian-backed groups in Syria since President Biden took office. The U.S. responses have been too limited and, at least initially, avoided targeting militants, even as the Iranian-backed groups sought to kill American troops. In light of Tehran’s use of its proxies’ attacks as leverage against Washington, and given tha...

Analysis: US (unlike EU) Doesn’t Find Iran’s Demands “Reasonable”

Visit our Iran Status Page Negotiation status: PAUSED (exchanging responses) Via the EU, the United States replied today to Iran’s response to an initial EU draft text aimed at overcoming remaining hurdles to a nuclear deal. Though U.S. officials have yet to clarify the contents of the reply, initial reports suggest the United States did not meet Iran’s demands. Axios reported that the United States clarified “it will not agree to conditions between Iran's return to implementing the nuclear agreement and the closing of the International Atomic Energy Agency's investigations into its suspected nuclear activities.” According to Politico, a person familiar with the U.S. response said it focused on Iran’s demand fo...

Analysis: Iran Responds to “Final” Nuclear Deal Proposal

Visit our Iran Status Page Negotiation Status: PAUSED Talks should be over and the deal should be dead—but negotiations could soon be reopened, yet again. The EU set August 15 as the deadline for Iran to approve its final nuclear deal text, saying that there was no room for further negotiation. EU Foreign Policy Chief Josep Borrell firmly set the deadline on August 8, stating, “What can be negotiated has been negotiated, and it’s now in a final text.” A statement by the E3—Britain, France, and Germany—confirmed on August 5 that “there will be no re-opening of negotiations.”  Instead, Iran responded with additional, long-standing demands that are now being considered by the United States. ...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 8/9

Visit our Iran Status Page Negotiation status:  PAUSED Though European and American officials claim the text for a revived Iran nuclear deal has been finalized and the negotiations have concluded, no agreement has been reached and Iran maintains that more is needed “to reach the final text of the agreement.” European Union (EU) Foreign Policy Chief Josep Borrell stated on August 8, “What can be negotiated has been negotiated, and it’s now in a final text.” A senior EU official stated on August 8, “The negotiation is over. It is up to the parties to take the deal.” A statement by the E3—Britain, France, and Germany—confirmed on August 5 that “there will be no re-opening of negotiations.” R...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 8/4

Visit our Iran Status Page The Iran nuclear negotiations are set to resume in Vienna on Thursday, August 4, as officials plan to discuss the draft of an agreement proposed in July by European Union (EU) Foreign Policy Chief Josep Borrell. Reports suggest the International Atomic Energy Association’s (IAEA) censure of Iran for violations of its requirements to allow monitoring and inspection of its nuclear facilities will be a major issue for Iran in these negotiations, although one that the United States and E.U. consider to be outside the scope of the JCPOA. The first round of the Vienna talks commenced in April 2021, and negotiators were last in Vienna on March 11 when the eighth round of talks concluded. Talks briefly re...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 7/25

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Iran Nuclear Talks Update 7/7

Visit our Iran Status Page Renewed nuclear negotiations in Qatar ended after two days on June 29 without making any progress toward a deal or setting plans for another round of talks. The European Union (E.U.) coordinator for the negotiations Enrique Mora tweeted on June 29 that the Doha talks failed to produce “the progress the E.U. team as coordinator had hoped for.” U.S. Special Envoy for Iran Robert Malley told NPR on July 5 that the recent indirect talks were “more than a little bit of a wasted occasion.” In contrast to Mora’s assessment, on June 30 Iran’s Ambassador to the United Nations (U.N.) Majid Takht Ravanchi referred to the talks in Qatar as “serious and positive.” Iranian Foreign Minister Ho...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 6/27

Visit our Iran Status Page Sixteen weeks after being officially paused, nuclear deal negotiations between the United States and Iran are expected to pick back up in Qatar on Tuesday, June 28. The resumption of talks follows European Union foreign policy chief Josep Borrell’s visit to Tehran over the weekend, despite no outstanding issues being resolved during his trip. Iran is still demanding the removal of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps’ (IRGC) Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) designation as well as political guarantees that future U.S. administrations will abide by any deal. Borrell stated that “the US and Iran will talk – not directly – with a facilitation by me and my team as coordinator.” ...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 6/9

Visit our Iran Status Page On June 8 as the Board of Governors (BoG) of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) passed a resolution led by France, Germany, Great Britain and the United States calling on Iran to “urgently cooperate with the IAEA’s probe into undeclared nuclear material in Iran.” For years, Iran has blocked efforts by IAEA inspectors to clarify Tehran’s past work on a nuclear weapon, including by denying access to suspected undeclared nuclear facilities. Iran’s non-compliance with a three-month roadmap it agreed on with the IAEA in March to resolve these concerns led to the BoG’s decision to pass the resolution at its June meeting. The June 8 resolution “expresse[d] profound concern...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 6/2

Visit our Iran Status Page Nuclear deal negotiations between the United States and Iran remain officially paused as Iran appears to shift its key demands, having accepted that the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) will remain listed as a terrorist organization. Tehran has reverted to highlighting a previous demand: any agreement must be binding for future U.S. presidential administrations. Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian again stressed concerns about the absence of a guarantee that future administrations would obey a deal. Iran has insisted that the White House commit future administrations to follow a nuclear deal, however the U.S. is unable to make this guarantee – something it has repeatedly communi...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 5/27

Visit our Iran Status Page The JINSA Iran Policy Project, co-chaired by Amb. Eric Edelman and Gen. Chuck Wald (Ret.), released a new report, “Time for Plan B on Iran,” detailing why the administration needs to acknowledge that its attempts to return to the JCPOA have failed and how to implement a plan B. Though Iran nuclear deal negotiations have been stalled for weeks over Iran’s demand that the U.S. lift the Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps’ (IRGC) Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) designation, President Biden has reportedly made a final decision not to give in to that demand. Iranian officials stated that the removal of the FTO designation is a prerequisite for the country’s return to the agreement. ...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 5/12

Visit our Iran Status Page Negotiations over a new Iran nuclear deal remain paused as the European Union’s lead negotiator, Enrique Mora, is in Tehran this week to meet with Iranian negotiator Ali Bagheri-Kani and seek a “middle way” to end the stalemate over Iran’s demand that its Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) be removed from the U.S. State Department’s Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) list. U.S. foreign policy chief Josep Borrell described the diplomatic effort as “the last bullet.” Venting his frustration with the status of negotiations, Borrell added, “we cannot continue like this forever, because in the meantime Iran continues developing their nuclear program.” Axios reported that Biden a...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 5/6

Visit our Iran Status Page With negotiations over a new Iran nuclear deal stalemated due to Tehran’s demand that the United States remove Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) from the State Department’s Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) list, Reuters reported on May 2 that “Western officials have largely lost hope the Iran nuclear deal can be resurrected.” While the United States previously offered to lift the FTO designation in exchange for various commitments from Iran, including ending its pursuit of retribution for the 2020 killing of Gen. Qasem Soleimani, the more recent line from officials is that some form of “reciprocity” would be needed from Iran, though they have yet to officially rule out d...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 4/28

Talks remain paused as Iran continues to demand that the United States lift the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps’ (IRGC) Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) designation, though Iranian and European officials appear eager to resume negotiations. Recent comments from Iranian officials suggest a renewed urgency to resume talks in-person in Vienna. Foreign Ministry spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh called for a return to Vienna, saying on April 25, “it is appropriate that a face-to-face meeting is held as soon as possible,” and adding, “it is not yet decided where and when to have this meeting and at what level it should be held, but it is on the agenda.” Khatibzadeh also said, "prolonging the pause in the negotiations is no...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 4/25

Nuclear negotiations with Iran have been stalled since early March, with the final outstanding issue reportedly being Tehran’s demand that the United States lift its Foreign Terrorism Organization (FTO) designation against the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC). Recent reports suggest that the Biden administration intends to reject Iran’s demand to lift the FTO designation on the IRGC. After a call between President Biden and Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett on April 24, Bennett said, “I am sure that President Biden … will not allow the IRGC to be removed from the list of terrorist organizations,” adding, “Israel has clarified its position on the issue: The IRGC is the largest terrorist organization in the wo...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 4/12

The Washington Post reported on Friday that the United States plans to reject the Iranian demand that the United States lift its designation of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) as a foreign terrorist organization (FTO) in order to renew the 2015 nuclear agreement. Despite this report, which cited a senior Biden administration official, the administration has not officially ruled out lifting the FTO designation. On April 12, a reporter from The Wall Street Journal tweeted that the U.S. has ruled out lifting the FTO unconditionally and accepting the political cost, writing, “Iran needs to accept conditions for lifting of FTO or it’s not a price the administration at the top level is prepared to pay.” On April 6, Secr...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 4/5

Negotiation status: PAUSED State Department spokesman Ned Price was described on April 4 as saying, “the United States still believes there is an opportunity to overcome the remaining differences with Iran in talks over its nuclear program.” Also on April 4, Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh said, "America is responsible for the halt of these talks ... a deal is very much within reach.” Where are negotiators? Negotiators are currently in their home countries. Officials have not been in Vienna, the site of negotiations, since the eighth round of talks was suspended indefinitely on March 7. It has been roughly 5 months since the Biden administration first said that only weeks remained to se...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 3/29

No officials have returned to Vienna to resume talks on an Iran nuclear deal since leaving for their respective capitals in mid-March. There have been suggestions that negotiators may not need to return to Vienna to finalize an agreement. Though several European officials recently reiterated that a deal is just days away, United States officials’ tone remained more pessimistic. Speaking in Doha, Qatar, about a possible agreement, Special Envoy for Iran Robert Malley said on Sunday he “can’t be confident it is imminent,” echoing State Department Spokesperson Ned Price’s comments from last week. The European Union foreign policy chief, Josep Borrell, also in Doha on Sunday, sounded more optimistic, repeating West...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 3/24

Statements from U.S. officials about the prospects for a new nuclear deal have become more pessimistic in recent days, while the Biden administration faces growing pressure not to lift terrorism sanctions against Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC). Axios confirmed that the lead U.S. negotiator, Special Envoy for Iran Robert Malley, recently offered to lift the IRGC’s Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) designation in exchange for a public commitment to de-escalate malign activities in the region, which Iran declined. Lifting the FTO designation is reportedly the final hurdle to an agreement, but Iran has every incentive to keep dragging out talks while its nuclear programs advances. The FTO designation and its r...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 3/22

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Iran Nuclear Talks Update 3/16

A new nuclear agreement with Iran once again looks imminent in the wake of three key developments in the last 24 hours: Russia said it’s received the guarantees it asked for and is ready to agree to a deal; The United States is reportedly considering lifting the Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) designation from Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC); and Iran released two British hostages in exchange for more than $500 million. Iranian Foreign Minister (FM) Amir-Abdollahian said, “2 of 4 remaining issues (Iran’s red lines) in Vienna Talks have been resolved, but 2 issues including economic guarantees are still unresolved. If US is ready to settle these two, we’re ready to convene ministerial gatherin...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 3/15

Nuclear negotiations with Iran have been on hold since Friday, when EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell tweeted “a pause in #ViennaTalks is needed.” The pause stems from Russia’s sudden demands last week – for guarantees that its trade with Iran will be exempt from U.S. sanctions related to Russia’s illegal invasion of Ukraine – but the added delays also buy more time for Iran to continue advancing its nuclear program. The U.S. State Department has said it would not agree to Russia’s demands, with Secretary Blinken calling Russia’s demands “irrelevant” and “not in any way linked together” with the JCPOA nuclear agreement. Despite Iran’s and Russia’s demands, both countries argue the United States re...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 3/11

Negotiations over a new Iran nuclear deal hit a road block this week as outstanding Iranian demands plus last-minute demands from Russia led to a “break” in talks. On Friday morning, European Union foreign policy chief Josep Borrell announced the break. Borrell: “A pause in #ViennaTalks is needed, due to external factors. A final text is essentially ready and on the table … As coordinator, I will, with my team, continue to be in touch with all #JCPOA participants and the U.S. to overcome the current situation and to close the agreement.” Iranian Foreign Minister Saeed Khatibzadeh denied external factors were derailing the process, writing, “Successful conclusion of talks will be the main focus of all … No external...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 3/7

Despite parties to the JCPOA talks in Vienna expressing strong hope that a return to the deal could be secured over the weekend, Russia potentially threw a wrench in the talks by demanding guarantees to protect its cooperation with Iran against Ukraine-related sanctions. In parallel, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) chief Rafael Grossi traveled to Tehran where he claimed to reach an agreement for a three-month plan to resolve Iran’s obstruction of inspectors at suspected undeclared nuclear sites. In a lengthy interview with Iranian media over the weekend, Russian Ambassador Mikhail Ulyanov emphasized Iran’s accomplishments throughout the negotiations, saying, “realistically speaking, Iran got more than frankly I expected, ...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 3/3

The 8th round of Iran nuclear negotiations remains ongoing as new details emerge regarding the expected end-date for talks as well as Iran’s nuclear developments over the last several months. Officials’ comments continue to suggest that a deal will be reached within the next few days, although that now largely depends on International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) chief Rafael Grossi’s trip to Tehran this weekend. European Union coordinator for the negotiations Enrique Mora tweeted, “We are at the final stages of the Vienna Talks on JCPOA. Some relevant issues are still open and success is never guaranteed in such a complex negotiation. Doing our best in the coordinator's team. But we are definitely not there yet.” Iran F...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 3/2

The 8th and supposedly final round of Iranian nuclear talks continued on Wednesday, March 2, in Vienna. Reports suggest that little has changed over the last few days of negotiations, as the three major sticking points in the negotiation from Monday – safeguards, the scope of sanctions, and economic guarantees – remain outstanding. Former U.S. State Department official Gabriel Noronha released what his sources claim are details of the extensive sanctions relief – far beyond what is required under the initial JCPOA agreement – that the Biden administration has offered Tehran for rejoining the nuclear deal. The new deal will allegedly exceed the JCPOA by granting sanctions relief to key political and economic pillars of the regi...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 3/1

The 8th and supposedly final round of Iranian nuclear deal talks continued on Tuesday, March 1, in Vienna, as several key issues remain unsolved. Upon the conclusion of Monday’s meetings between Iranian chief negotiator Ali Bagheri-Kani and the P4+1 yesterday, officials from sides involved in the talks publicly noted the increasing urgency to wrap up negotiations: “It is now or never. If they cannot reach a deal this week, the talks will collapse forever,” said an Iranian diplomat in Tehran. Russian Ambassador Mikhail Ulyanov: “completion [of talks] will fall on the beginning of March, very soon.” Ulyanov tweeted photos of the Monday evening meeting, saying, “Tremendous progress has been made since April 2021, wh...

Iran Nuclear Talks Update 2/28

On Monday, February 28, Ali Bagheri-Kani, Iran’s chief negotiator, returned to Vienna and resumed negotiations, after having left for Tehran on Thursday for consultations. U.S. and Western government officials are signaling this may be the last week to negotiate a return to the 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Although similar statements have been made previously, these are much more specific – albeit so far only attributed to anonymous sources, not made publicly by high-ranking officials. Over the weekend, Western diplomatic sources warned if “within the next few days [the] remaining issues are not resolved, the JCPOA will definitely be dead and it will be impossible to revive it.” On Monday, a senior unn...

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Michael Makovsky, PhD

President and Chief Executive Officer
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Jonathan Ruhe

Director of Foreign Policy
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John Hannah

Randi & Charles Wax Senior Fellow; Former Assistant for National Security Affairs to the Vice President
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Andrew Ghalili

Senior Policy Analyst, Gemunder Center for Defense and Strategy
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Blaise Misztal

Vice President for Policy
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Ari Cicurel

Senior Policy Analyst, Gemunder Center for Defense and Strategy

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VADM John M. Bird, USN (ret.)

Former Commander, U.S. Seventh Fleet
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Gen James T Conway, USMC (ret.)

34th Commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps
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Maj Gen Larry "Stutz" Stutzriem, USAF (ret.)

Former Director, Plans, Policy and Strategy at North American Aerospace Defense Command
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ADM Kirkland H. Donald, USN (ret.)

Former Director, Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program
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LtGen Kenneth J. Glueck, USMC (ret.)

Former Commander, U.S. Marine Corps Combat Development Command
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ADM Bill Gortney, USN (ret.)

Former Commander, North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD)
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Gen Kevin P. Chilton, USAF (ret.)

Former Commander, U.S. Strategic Command
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LtGen Richard Natonski, USMC (ret.)

Former Commander, U.S. Marine Corps Forces Command
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Gen Michael Hostage, USAF (ret.)

Former Commander, Air Combat Command
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Svante E. Cornell

Policy Advisor, Gemunder Center for Defense & Strategy
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LTC Geoffrey S. Corn, USA (ret.)

Hybrid Warfare Policy Project Member, Gemunder Center for Defense & Strategy; Gary A. Kuiper Distinguished Professor of National Security Law, South Texas College of Law, Houston
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Goldstein

Larry Goldstein

Founder and Director of Energy Policy Research Institute, Inc.; JINSA Gemunder Center Senior Advisor
9999 9999 9999 9999 3 9999 9999 Hannah

John Hannah

Randi & Charles Wax Senior Fellow; Former Assistant for National Security Affairs to the Vice President
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Rademaker

Hon. Stephen Rademaker

Former Assistant Secretary of State for International Security and Nonproliferation; JINSA Gemunder Center Senior Advisor
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Deptula, USAF (ret.)

Lt Gen David Deptula, USAF (ret.)

Former Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance, U.S. Air Force Headquarters; JINSA Gemunder Center Senior Advisor
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Wald, USAF (ret.)

Gen Charles "Chuck" Wald, USAF (ret.)

Distinguished Fellow; Senior Advisor; Co-chair, Iran Policy Project, Eastern Mediterranean Policy Project; Member, Gaza Policy Project, U.S.-Israel Security Policy Project
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Gerber

Sander Gerber

Distinguished Fellow, Gemunder Center for Defense & Strategy
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Amidror

IDF MG (ret.) Yaakov Amidror

Distinguished Fellow, Gemunder Center for Defense & Strategy
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Harward, USN (ret.)

VADM Robert Harward, USN (ret.)

Former Deputy Commander of U.S. Central Command
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Noronha

Gabriel Noronha

Fellow, JINSA's Gemunder Center for Defense & Strategy
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Abrams

Elliot Abrams

Senior Fellow for Middle East Studies at Council on Foreign Relations
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Strick

IDF MG Yoel Strick

Gemunder Center Visiting Military Fellow
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Palumbo, USA (ret.)

LTG Raymond Palumbo, USA (ret.)

Former Deputy Commander of U.S. Army Special Operations
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Lanza, USA (ret.)

LTG Stephen Lanza, USA (ret.)

Former Commanding General of I Corps and Joint Base Lewis McChord
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Davis, USMC (ret.)

Lt Gen Jon Davis, USMC (ret.)

Former Deputy Commandant for Aviation
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Gibson, USA (ret.)

LTG Karen Gibson, USA (ret.)

Former Deputy Director for National Intelligence and National Security Partnerships
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Ashley, USA (ret.)

LTG Robert Ashley, USA (ret.)

Former Director, Defense Intelligence Agency
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Azab

Stephan K. Azab

U.S. Air Force Legislative Fellow, JINSA's Gemunder Center for Defense & Strategy
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Dermer

Amb. Ron Dermer

Non-Resident Distinguished Fellow, JINSA's Gemunder Center for Defense & Strategy
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Matthews

Earl G. Matthews

Non-Resident Fellow, JINSA's Gemunder Center for Defense & Strategy
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Perkins

Charles B. Perkins

Fellow, Gemunder Center for Defense & Strategy
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Greenert, USN (ret.)

ADM Jonathan W. Greenert, USN (ret.)

Former Chief, Naval Operations (CNO, 2011-2015)
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Ganyard, USMC (ret.)

Col Stephen T. Ganyard, USMC (ret.)

Former Deputy Assistant Secretary of State in the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Watts, USA (ret.)

LTC (Prof) Sean M. Watts, USA (ret.)

Former Professor of International Law at the Judge Advocate General’s School
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Fiel, USAF (ret.)

Lt Gen Eric E. Fiel, USAF (ret.)

Former Commander, Air Force Special Operations Command, Hurlburt Field, Fla.
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Newcomb, USN (ret.)

CDR Mark E. Newcomb, USN (ret.)

Former Principal Legal Advisor to Commander, Battle Force 7th Fleet.
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 VanLandingham, USAF (ret.)

Lt Col Rachel E. VanLandingham, USAF (ret.)

Former Judge Advocate in the U.S. Air Force; Professor of Law at Southwestern Law School (Los Angeles, CA)
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Clingan, USN (ret.)

ADM Bruce Clingan, USN (ret.)

Former Commander of U.S. Naval Forces Europe and U.S. Naval Forces Africa
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Jeffery

Reuben Jeffery

Former Under Secretary of State for Economic, Business and Agricultural Affairs
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Fox, USN (ret.)

VADM Mark Fox, USN (ret.)

Former Deputy Commander, U.S. Central Command
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Warren, USA (ret.)

COL. Marc Warren, USA (ret.)

Former senior legal officer in the U.S. Army Judge Advocate General's Corp for Multi-National Forces Iraq
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Corey, USA (ret.)

COL Ian G. Corey, USA (ret.)

Former General Counsel for U.S. Army Cyber Command
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Tucker, USA (ret.)

LTG Michael S. Tucker, USA (ret.)

Former Commanding General of the First United States Army from 2013 until 2016
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Spoehr, USA (ret.)

LTG Thomas W. Spoehr, USA (ret.)

Former Deputy Commanding General, U.S. Forces – Iraq
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Katsman

Abraham Katsman

Fellow, Gemunder Center for Defense & Strategy
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Breedlove, USAF (ret.)

Gen Philip M. Breedlove, USAF (ret.)

Former Supreme Allied Commander Europe; Former Commander U.S. European Command
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Rodriguez, USA (ret.)

GEN. David Rodriguez, USA (ret.)

Former Commander, United States Africa Command
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Toolan, Jr., USMC (ret.)

LtGen John "Jocko" Toolan, Jr., USMC (ret.)

Former Commander, Marine Forces Pacific
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Makovsky

Alan Makovsky

Former Senior Professional Staff Member at U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Gardner, USA (ret.)

LTG John Gardner, USA (ret.)

Former Deputy Commander of U.S. European Command
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Wagner Jr.

Dr. Richard Wagner Jr.

Former Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Atomic Energy
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Tegnelia

Dr. James "Jim" Tegnelia

Former Director, Defense Threat Reduction Agency
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Stoudt

Dr. David Stoudt

Distinguished Engineer, Naval Surface Warfare Center
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Schneider, Jr.

Dr. William Schneider, Jr.

Former Under Secretary of State for International Security Affairs
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Popik

Thomas Popik

President, Foundation for Resilient Societies
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Pfaltzgraff, Jr.

Dr. Robert Pfaltzgraff, Jr.

Professor of International Security Studies, Fletcher School at Tufts University
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Payne

Dr. Keith Payne

Former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Forces Policy
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Nanos, USN (ret.)

VADM G. Peter Nanos, USN (ret.)

Former Director, Los Alamos National Laboratory
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Murray

Richard Murray

Head of Liability Regimes Project, Geneva Association
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Lehman, II

Amb. Ronald Lehman, II

Former Director, US Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Kappenman

John Kappenman

President and CEO, Storm Analysis Consultants
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Foster Jr.

Dr. John Foster Jr.

Former Director, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Member, Congressional EMP Commission
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Baker

Dr. George Baker

Former Electromagnetics Group Leader, Defense Nuclear Agency
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Joseph

Amb. Robert Joseph

Co-Chair, EMP Task Force; Former Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Gabbard

Dr. Bryan Gabbard

Co-Chair, EMP Task Force; Executive Vice President, Defense Group Inc.
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Jones, USA (ret.)

MG. Mike Jones, USA (ret.)

Former Chief of Staff, U.S. Central Command
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Devereaux, USAF (ret.)

Maj Gen Rick Devereaux, USAF (ret.)

Former Director of Operational Planning, Policy, and Strategy
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Caldwell, IV, USA (ret.)

LTG William B. Caldwell, IV, USA (ret.)

Former Commander, U.S. Army North
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Zakheim

Roger Zakheim

Former General Counsel and Deputy Staff Director of U.S. House Armed Services Committee
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Takeyh

Dr. Ray Takeyh

Hasib J. Sabbagh Senior Fellow for Middle East Studies at Council on Foreign Relations
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Obering, USAF (ret.)

Lt Gen Henry Obering, USAF (ret.)

Former Director of the Missile Defense Agency
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Edelman

Amb. Eric Edelman

Counselor; Co-Chair Iran Policy Project and Eastern Mediterranean Policy Project; Former Under Secretary of Defense for Policy; Distinguished Practitioner in Residence, Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Trask, USAF (ret.)

Lt Gen Thomas "Tom" Trask, USAF (ret.)

Former Vice Commander, United States Special Operations Command
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Stavridis, USN (ret.)

ADM James Stavridis, USN (ret.)

Former NATO Supreme Allied Commander and former Commander of U.S. European Command; Chairman, Gemunder Center U.S.-Israel Security Task Force

9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Corn, USA (ret.)

LTC Geoffrey S. Corn, USA (ret.)

Hybrid Warfare Policy Project Member, Gemunder Center for Defense & Strategy; Gary A. Kuiper Distinguished Professor of National Security Law, South Texas College of Law, Houston
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Wald, USAF (ret.)

Gen Charles "Chuck" Wald, USAF (ret.)

Distinguished Fellow; Senior Advisor; Co-chair, Iran Policy Project, Eastern Mediterranean Policy Project; Member, Gaza Policy Project, U.S.-Israel Security Policy Project
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Gerber

Sander Gerber

Distinguished Fellow, Gemunder Center for Defense & Strategy
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Amidror

IDF MG (ret.) Yaakov Amidror

Distinguished Fellow, Gemunder Center for Defense & Strategy
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Dermer

Amb. Ron Dermer

Non-Resident Distinguished Fellow, JINSA's Gemunder Center for Defense & Strategy
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Edelman

Amb. Eric Edelman

Counselor; Co-Chair Iran Policy Project and Eastern Mediterranean Policy Project; Former Under Secretary of Defense for Policy; Distinguished Practitioner in Residence, Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies

9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Cornell

Svante E. Cornell

Policy Advisor, Gemunder Center for Defense & Strategy
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Goldstein

Larry Goldstein

Founder and Director of Energy Policy Research Institute, Inc.; JINSA Gemunder Center Senior Advisor
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Rademaker

Hon. Stephen Rademaker

Former Assistant Secretary of State for International Security and Nonproliferation; JINSA Gemunder Center Senior Advisor
9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 9999 Deptula, USAF (ret.)

Lt Gen David Deptula, USAF (ret.)

Former Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance, U.S. Air Force Headquarters; JINSA Gemunder Center Senior Advisor

Benjamin Gettler Annual International Policy Trip

The Benjamin Gettler International Policy Trip annually brings high-level delegations of retired senior military officers and civilian national security experts to a country that is important to U.S. national security and/or the U.S.-Israel relationship. After completing their trip, each group shares their findings and recommendations with policymakers and opinion leaders in Washington, D.C. and across the United States. This important program is made possible by the generous support from the Gettler Family Foundation, in memory of former JINSA Chairman Benjamin Gettler.

  • 2019
  • 2018
  • 2021
Featured Post Image

Greece

The Benjamin Gettler Annual International Policy Trip visited Greece from November 13-16, 2021. The delegation was led by JINSA President & CEO Dr. Michael Makovsky and consisted of: Gen (ret.) Philip Breedlove, USAF – Supreme Allied Commander Europe, Commander US European Command Gen (ret.) Charles Wald, USAF, former Deputy Commander of United States European Command (EUCOM) Gen (ret.) Thomas Waldhauser, USMC — Commander, U.S. Africa Command Alan Makovsky Meetings included: Minister of Hellenic National Defense Mr. Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos Minister of Environment and Energy Mr. Costas Skrekas Chief of the Hellenic National Defense General Staff, General Konstantinos Floros Chief of the Hellenic Air Fo...

Featured Post Image

Greece

The Benjamin Gettler Annual International Policy Trip visited Greece from March 31-April 4. The delegation was led by JINSA President & CEO Dr. Michael Makovsky and consisted of: Gen Charles Wald, USAF (ret.) Gen Kevin Chilton, USAF (ret.) VADM Mark Fox, USN (ret.) Lt Gen Thomas Trask, USAF (ret.) IDF MG (ret.) Yaakov Ayish Dr. Svante Cornell Alan Makovsky Meetings included: Chief of the Hellenic National Defense Staff, Christos Christodoulou Defense Minister, Admiral Evangelos Apostolakis Shadow Defense Minister, Mr. Vassilis Kikilias Minister of Environment and Energy, Giorgos Stathakis Rear Admiral Dimitrios Kavoulakos Opposition Member, Giorgos Koumoutsakos Leading Greek Think Tank, E...

Featured Post Image

Egypt

April 29 - May 4, 2018 Participants included: ADM Bruce Clingan, USN (ret.) Gen Charles Wald, USAF (ret.) LTG Howard Bromberg, USA (ret.) LtGen Kenneth Glueck, USMC (ret.) Meetings included: President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi Head of the General Intelligence Service (GIS) Foreign Minister Sameh Hassan Shoukry Minister of Defense Sedki Sobhy Commentary: The U.S. is Right to Restore Aid to Egypt Reuters - July 30, 2018 by ADM Bruce Clingan, USN (ret.) and Read More

Latest Reports

JINSA’s Blueprint for Congressional Action on Iran
September 8, 2022
Port in a Storm: Enhancing U.S.-Greece Cooperation at Alexandroupolis
August 23, 2022
Recommit, Don’t Retrench: Policy Priorities for Biden’s Middle East Trip
July 11, 2022
Time for Plan B on Iran
May 25, 2022
A Stronger and Wider Peace: A U.S. Strategy for Advancing the Abraham Accords
January 19, 2022
Watch JINSA Gaza Conflict 2021 Assessment Report Release
December 8, 2021
At the Center of the Crossroads: A New U.S. Strategy for the East Med
November 11, 2021
Gaza Conflict 2021 Assessment: Observations and Lessons
October 28, 2021
Erasing the Leverage Deficit: How to Keep Tehran from the Bomb
October 13, 2021
No Deal Remains Better Than a Bad Deal: Risks of a JCPOA Return
May 25, 2021
Precious No More? A U.S. Strategy for a Lonely Turkey
March 30, 2021
No Going Back Now: The Case Against Returning to the JCPOA
March 3, 2021
Curtailing Chinese Investment in Israel: A Comprehensive and Cooperative U.S.-Israeli Strategy
February 1, 2021
Bolstering U.S.-Israel Defense of Shared Interests: An Agenda for the Biden Administration
January 25, 2021
Dangerous Conditions: The Case Against Threatening Israel’s Qualitative Military Edge
December 16, 2020
Abraham’s Command: Relocating Israel to CENTCOM’s Area of Responsibility
November 25, 2020
Leaving the JCPOA Behind: Principles for Preventing a Nuclear Iran
September 16, 2020
Reshaped After the Pandemic: Turkish Aggression in the Eastern Mediterranean
July 29, 2020
Best Line of Defense: The Case for Israeli Sovereignty in the Jordan Valley
June 26, 2020
Anchoring the U.S.-Israel Alliance: Rebuilding America’s Arms Stockpile in Israel
June 10, 2020
Turkey’s Escalation in Libya: Implications and U.S. Policy Options
May 27, 2020
U.S. & Greece: Cementing A Closer Strategic Partnership
January 30, 2020
A Narrow U.S.-Israel Defense Pact: Addressing Criticism
November 20, 2019
Arming Israel to Defeat Iranian Aggression: Frontloading Weapons Delivery
November 18, 2019
Sea Changes: U.S. Challenges and Opportunities in the Eastern Mediterranean
August 1, 2019
For a Narrow U.S.-Israel Defense Pact
July 30, 2019
If Time Runs Out Again: Implications of Iran’s Nuclear Escalation
July 8, 2019
Defending the Fence: Legal and Operational Challenges in Hamas-Israel Clashes, 2018-19
March 15, 2019
Israel’s Next Northern War: Operational and Legal Challenges
October 29, 2018
Comprehensive U.S. Strategy Toward Iran After the JCPOA
September 16, 2018
ATLAS SUPPORTED: Strengthening U.S.-Israel Strategic Cooperation
May 8, 2018
Countering Iranian Expansion in Syria
November 20, 2017
Strategy to Restore U.S. Leverage Against Iran
July 12, 2017
The Iran Nuclear Deal After One Year: Assessment and Options for the Next President
July 12, 2016
Impact of the Interim Deal with Iran
May 12, 2014

Latest Updates

  • U.S.-Israel
  • Iran
  • Hybrid Warfare
  • Miscellaneous
  • Syria
  • Turkey
  • Israeli-Palestinian
  • Eastern Mediterranean
  • Israel China

Why Congress Must Sanction Iran’s Drone Program

National Interest - November 4, 2022
by Ari Cicurel and Lt Gen Chris Nowland, USAF (ret.) and

Unparalleled Iranian Attack on Kurds

RealClearDefense - October 19, 2022
by Ari Cicurel and LTG Ray Palumbo, USA (ret.) and